Git is currently a version control tool used by major Internet companies. To enter a large factory, you must learn the basic use of Git.
This article mainly summarizes and explains the usage commands of Git.
Through https://git-scm.com/downloads , download the required version from the git official website, and install it all the way to the next step
After installation, right-click anywhere in the computer folder to see git-related commands.
git bash is a command line tool
git gui is a graphical tool
After opening git bash, enter git --version, if the version number can be output correctly, it proves that the installation is successful.
Configure username and email
git config --global [user.name](http://user.name) 'own name' git config --global [user.name](http://user.name) 'own mailbox'
local is only valid for the current repository
global valid for all repositories
system is valid for all users of the system
git config --list --local git config --list --global git config --list --system
git config --unset --local [user.name](http://user.name) git config --unset --global [user.name](http://user.name) git config --unset --system [user.name](http://user.name)
Go to the folder to be managed and execute
Add files to the staging area
git add file name
git commit -m 'describe'
Check git status
git diff file name
change file name
git mv original file name new filename
The function is to view the log git log View the log, displayed on a single line git log --pretty=oneline The function is to view the historical operation records. For example, if you want to return to the "future" after rolling back the version, you can view the latest submitted version git reflog
View commit information with visualization tools
Go back to the previous version git reset --hard head When you know the corresponding version number, you can use this command, which is suitable for rolling back and going to the previous new version git reset --hard version number
new version git Prompt to undo with this command git restore file name Use this command to undo the old version, and the new version can also use this command git checkout – file name if already add into the staging area git restore --staged file name new version git This is an old version with this command git command, the new version can also use git reset head file name
git rm -f file name
View current branch
Create the dev branch and switch over
-b Indicates to create and switch, which is equivalent to the following two commands git checkout -b dev create branch git branch dev switch branch git checkout dev
Note: The above is the command of the old version. It is easy to distinguish between creating a branch and withdrawing with checkout. Therefore, it is recommended to use the new version to create a branch.
switch Create and switch to dev git switch -c dev switch directly to the existing dev branch git switch dev
Will dev The branch is merged into the current branch, and the information of the original branch will be lost after merging git merge dev merge dev to the current branch,–no-ff Indicates disabled fast forwad,When viewing the log later, you can see the information that the branch has been deleted git merge --no-ff -m "merge with no-ff" dev
git branch -d dev git branh -D dev
uppercase -D if dev has not been merged
View branch merges
git log --graph --pretty=oneline --abbrev-commit
Use of stash (bug branch)
Save the current job site git stash View all saved jobs git stash list restore and delete the job site, equivalent to git stash apply + git stash drop git stash pop
The development environment is under the dev branch, and the bug fixes are submitted in the master. How to quickly merge into the dev branch: transfer to the dev branch and execute the following command
git cherry-pick bug The commit version number of the branch
clone remotely to local
git clone my own git project address
If there is no project locally, pulling down the project from the remote is a clone
git remote add origin my own git project address
If the project is built locally, then execute this command to associate the local warehouse with the remote warehouse
Pull remote updates
After the first is associated with the remote, it is necessary to pull the remote update before submitting.
The first push is to add-u，local master and remote master Associated to facilitate future push or pull git push -u origin master After push, you can use this command directly git push origin master
View remote warehouse information
git remote This command displays more detailed information git remote -v
git checkout -b branch name origin/branch name, create a branch corresponding to the remote branch locally, the name should be the same
git branch --set-upstream-to=origin/dev dev, establish the association between the local branch and the remote branch
git pull, grab the remote update first, if there is a conflict, manually resolve the conflict
git push origin branch name, push after resolving conflicts
The role of the label can be simply understood as giving a name to the version
view all tags git tag Label the latest commit of the current branch, and the label name starts by itself git tag label name Tag a commit with a certain version number git tag label name correspond commit version number You can add descriptions to labels in this way,-a corresponding to the label name,-m Corresponding description information git tag -a v0.1 -m "Description" version number View label details git show label name remove tag git tag -d label name
push a tag to remote git push origin label name push all tags to remote git push origin --tags Remove remote tags: Delete local tags first git tag -d label name then delete from remote git push origin: refs/tags/label name